The Sustainability Edge: Business Benefits of Embracing ESG

The Sustainability Edge: Business Benefits of Embracing ESG

Corporate sustainability today is grounded in a conscious and conscientious approach to capitalism—a belief system positing that when value is created to share with all stakeholders, more value is generated over the long term. The rise of sustainability as a strategic imperative — and the integration of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors into decision-making — are as much about the demands of the business as they are about the demands of society and the desire to make a positive impact on the world. 

Addressing the interconnected challenges of our global society is a shared responsibility and an opportunity to drive improved environmental, social and business outcomes. Evidence shows that integrating ESG into a company’s core business strategy ensures the organization is more resilient and better positioned to adapt to change. Leading and governing with an ESG mindset reprioritizes long-term value creation and recognizes that purpose is the path to sustained profits and success.

Here are five ways ESG creates long-term business value:


1. Attract talent and improve employee loyalty

People want to work for organizations whose values align with their own. Career decisions are increasingly values-based, with “pandemic epiphanies” putting purpose front and center for many employees. As the war for talent hits a fever pitch, companies with strong ESG profiles are likely to have greater success with recruitment and retention, especially with younger generations. Nearly six in ten (58%) employees consider a company’s social and environmental commitments when deciding where to work. Research from the Forbes 2021 100 Best Companies to Work For list also found that employees at companies with generous and lasting corporate social responsibility efforts were 15.6 times more likely to say their company was a great place to work.  


2. Increase customer loyalty and safeguard brand integrity

Customers vote with their wallets and research has shown they are more likely to support sustainable businesses. In a 2021 survey conducted by the Chapman & Co. Leadership Institute, 60% of U.S. consumers said brand values (including a commitment to diversity and a positive company culture) influence their purchasing decisions. 64% of Americans also say they would be willing to pay more for a sustainable product, and 62% of U.S. and UK consumers say they would join a customer loyalty program if they knew the rewards contributed to social causes they cared about. 

3. Deliver greater shareholder returns

The savviest investors know it’s the long game that matters. Short-term measures to meet quarterly earnings targets that result in environmental or social degradation or come at the expense of investment in future growth will harm performance over time. Shareholders’ economic interests are better served by a commitment to ESG and a long-term view of value creation that takes broad stakeholders into account. A Harvard Business School study reviewing 2,000 companies over 21 years found firms that improved on material ESG issues outperformed their competitors. On average, publicly traded companies with strong ESG profiles also tend to outperform the stock market and have lower volatility. Research from Rockefeller Asset Management indicates that ESG “improvers” — firms that show the greatest improvement in their ESG footprint — have greater potential for generating returns uncorrelated to the rest of the market over the long term. 

4. Drive higher profitability

As companies shift their focus away from optimizing for short-term profits, profitability actually increases over the long term. There may be short-term cost increases incurred when shifting to sustainable sourcing, investing in research and development, or raising pay, but those costs are offset by the advantages they may bring. Stronger ESG practices correlate to higher margins, according to a study from Institutional Shareholder Services. The study shows that high ESG performers spend more on research and development, but less on capital expenditures. How? Adopting ESG measures can save costs by using resources more efficiently, lowering overhead expenses and reducing waste.

5. Mitigate risk and build resilience

Companies with strong ESG practices are not only more resilient in times of adversity, they also face fewer material adverse events to begin with. By proactively identifying and addressing ESG-related threats, businesses can reduce incidence risk. A Wharton study found that strong ESG performers have a much lower incidence rate of fraud, litigation, customer attrition and revenue shortfalls. On the other side of the coin, companies with unaddressed ESG-related risks are more exposed to potential erosion in financial and operational performance over time, even if they don’t experience a business or reputational crisis. The opportunity cost in terms of the competitive landscape and market perception may also be significant. Research from Bank of America Merrill Lynch suggests that stronger ESG strategies would have helped prevent as much as 90% of the bankruptcies in the S&P 500 between 2005 and 2015.